Çeşme

Çeşme

History Heritage

Çeşme, 80 kilometres away from the metropolitan centre of İzmir, is the westernmost point of the Anatolian peninsula.

 

Çeşme County is bordered to the north by Karaburun County, and to the east by Urla County. To its west and soutl lies the Aegean Sea-and across the sea, the island of Chios. Its 29-kilomtre-long seashore, from Ildırı (Erythrai) to Alaçatı, is a perfect holiday destination. With hospitality options including hotels, motels, pensions and summer houses, Çeşme provides you with a unique geography were human life intertwines with nature.

HISTORICAL HERITAGE

  • Fortress of Çeşme

     

    The fortress was built in 1508 during the reign of Sultan Bayezid II. It is based on a rectangular plan with a citadel, and outer walls strengthened with six towers. It was built to defend the port, sitting right

    at the sea’s edge. Later land reclamation efforts, however, have pushed back the waters. Today the fortress hosts cultural and artistic activities including musical contests.

  • Çeşme Museum

     

    The Fortress of Çeşme houses the Archaeological Museum which exhibits many archaeological and ethnographic objects recovered from Ildırı ( Erythrai), Çeşme and Alaçatı. Objects on display

     the finds of the underwater archaeological survey of this sited of the naval battles as well as reproduction paintings and archival documents related with these wars. The museum has also two separate exhibition halls for marble objects and smaller ceramic and earthenware artefacts.

  • Caravanserai

     

    The Carvanserai, built by the Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent in 1528, served as a secure staging post for traders, especially foreign traders, during the Ottoman Period. At present it is a fine hotel.

    While the hotel provides overnight accomodation, it also serves as a venue of entertainment and shopping including every kind of product from hand woven carpets to leather clothes.

  • MOSQUES

     

    All of the mosques in Çeşme were built during the 19th century. They display common architectural features and all of them are still functioning. The oldest one is Hadji Memiş Ağa Mosque

    which was built in 1827. The mosque has a rectangular plan and solid stone walls. Its roof is covered with terracotta tiles, and its cut stone minaret has a single gallery. Its carved wooden pulpit carries geometrical and plant motifs. The Hadji Mehmet Ağa Mosque, which was built in 1842, has a similar architectural plan.

     

    The Osman Ağa Mosque was constructed by Osman Ağa in 1835 as a two storey building with rough stone walls. The Memiş Ağa Mosque in Alaçatı was dated to the 19th century through the headstones found in its graveyard. The mosque has an octagonal plan and differs from other mosques. Its cut stone minaret has a single gallery.

  • Haralambos Church

     

    The church, believed to have been built in the 19th century, has a basilica plan with three aisles and two storeys. It was built of solid stone, and today it serves as a cultural centre exhibiting various artistic

     

  • Fountains

     

    Fountains have adorned the streets and path of Anatolian villages and towns for centuries. They are distinctive and attractive features of the Anatolian architectural history. The fountains in Çeşme were

    built and dedicated to the public use by wealthy citizens in 1800s. These fountains lend their name to the region. Besides bearing classical features of Ottoman architecture, several street corer fountains of Çeşme are simply structures. Kabadayı Fountain, Maraş Fountain , Kandıra Fountain and many other fountains reflect the historical exture of Çeşme with their authentic architectural styles.

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